There is a legend that the settlement was founded by the queen of the Amazons Smyrna. Then the city was called Smyrna and was one of the largest in the region. The historical significance of Smyrna can only be compared with Troy. The greatest flowering of the city took place during the reign of Alexander the Great. After the Great Earthquake Mark Ovrely restored it. The Agora still has the statues of Poseidon, Artemis and Demetora. Kadifekale Castle was built 2000 years ago by the Byzantines. It is located on Mount Pagos.
More modern – a picturesque Clock Tower 25 meters high, built in 1901, on the orders of Sultan Abdulhamit. The Museum of Ethnology provides room dwellings like those of the Ottoman period. Tourists can see the atmosphere in which people lived at that time. Today's Izmir, built on the site of the ancient city of Smyrna, is famous for such attractions as the ancient elevator, Agamemnon thermal springs, baths of Diana, to say nothing of shopping and entertainment.
Alsancak Street with the old renovated houses turned into a noisy pedestrian street with many restaurants, cafes and bars. Take a ride around the city in a phaeton! And in the evening relax in one of the restaurants or bars of Pasaport, Kordonboyu or Karsiyak, where you will be offered the best wines. In summer, the city hosts different fairs. In the shopping area Kemeraltı you can buy beautiful antiques, jewelry, various clothing, as well as dried figs and raisins. The fish restaurants here offer an exotic taste of the local delicacies: tranche and chipura – two types of sea bream. Modern shops are in the streets of Alsancak, Cordon (in Karsiyak district) and in the alley Cumhuriyet (near Pasaport).
The downtown of the city is the Konak square with the Yahly mosque (1754), decorated with colorful tiles, the elegant Clock Tower (1901), which is considered to be the official emblem of the city and the Konak mosque. In the bazaar quarter, located on the site of the ancient agora, ancient caravanserais Chakaloglu-Khans and Kızlarağası-Khans (XVIII c.) have been preserved. As well as the Hisar Mosque (1597) and Shadirvan (Kemeraltı, 1636). Izmir is always happy to welcome guests. The cultural monuments and museums can be visited at any time of the year. A beach season starts in late April and lasts until mid-October.